Each country has different rules for working hours and days depending on the culture and environment. The average number of hours worked in the world is between 30 and 40 hours per week. So, how many working days in a month in Indonesia? Check out the review below!
Working Day in Indonesia and the World
Every company has an ideal time to determine working hours. In Indonesia alone, the working hours in each office are between 9 and 10 hours per day.
But have you ever compared working hours in Indonesia with overseas?
Working Hours in Indonesia
As explained above, each company has a different amount in determining working hours. In Indonesia itself, the regulation regarding working hours has been stipulated in the Manpower Act.
For employees whose working days reach 6 days a week, the working hours are 7 hours/day or 40 hours/week.
Meanwhile, employees with 5 working days a week are required to work 8 hours/day or 40 hours/week.
Working Hours in the World
If you compare working hours in the world, such as in European countries such as France, Germany, and the Netherlands, the average number of hours worked in a week is only 30 hours.
Unlike Germany, this country has a fairly short working hour, which is only 4 hours a day. Although the working hours are short, it does not hinder the productivity of its people, which makes Germany one of the developed countries in the world.
Meanwhile, several countries in other parts of the world such as Mexico and South Korea apply the same working hours as Indonesia, which is 40 hours/week.
Meanwhile, if you look at working hours in Southeast Asia, reported by CNBC Indonesia which contains a report from the International Labor Organization (ILO), countries in the ASEAN region have the longest working hours in the world. One of the countries in Southeast Asia that has the longest working hours is Qatar with 49 hours per week.
Working Day Rules According to the Latest Law
The rules for working hours are regulated in Articles 77 to 85 of the Job Creation Law No. 11 of 2020 and Law No. 13 of 2003 concerning Manpower.
The provisions for working hours are divided into 2 divisions of working time, namely:
- 7 working hours in 1 day or 40 working hours in 1 week (if in one week it reaches 6 working days)
- 8 working hours in 1 day or 40 working hours in 1 week (if in one week it reaches 5 working days).
The regulated provisions only determine the number of working hours. The company can determine for themselves when the work starts and ends.
The Job Creation Law only adds a provision that the implementation of working time for employees or workers is regulated in work agreements, company regulations, or cooperation agreements as regulated in Article 81 Number 21
Counting Number of Working Days
To calculate the number of working days in a month or year is not stated in the Act, but we can calculate the number of working days with the following formula.
Number of Working Days in a Year
In a year there are 52 weeks, therefore the number of hours worked in a year can be calculated by:
52 weeks x 40 hours = 2080 hours worked in a year.
Because the division of work time according to the law there are 2 schemes, then to calculate the number of days in a year can be done by:
- 52 weeks x 5 (number of working days in a week) = 260 working days in a year
- 52 weeks x 6 (number of working days in a week) = 312 working days in a year
Number of Days in a Month
If viewed from the number of working days in a year, it can be determined the number of working days in a month by calculating:
- 260 working days for a year / 12 months = 22 working days (companies with 5 working days a week)
- 312 working days for a year / 12 months = 26 working days (companies with 6 working days a week)
This provision is the maximum limit allowed by the company. This means that the company may reduce working hours and may not increase the working hours of its employees. If the employee has to work outside the set hours, then the employee’s performance is calculated as overtime.
Manage Employee Working Hours with LinovHR . Time Management Module
Time management is a strategy in planning the determination of time for effectiveness, efficiency, and also performance productivity. Good time management will make the company improve the optimization of employee performance and also complete targets according to deadlines.
Relying on manual systems in the management of working hours is a waste of time and effort. HRD will generally find it difficult to update and store data because of the unavailability of a real time system and is able to store a lot of data and information safely and confidentially. The solution, you can use the Time Management module from LinovHR.
LinovHR Time Management Module Features
LinovHR provides a time management module in Employee Attendance Software that is ready to help manage work time in the company. This LinovHR Time Management module has advanced features that will make it easier for you to manage time management, including:
Time Group Features
This feature will make it easier for you to group the same employee working hours as well as manage work schedules and monitor employee attendance status.
This calendar feature will display all company activities, from holiday schedules, work targets, to certain events
This schedule expectation will make it easier for companies to manage employee schedules. For employees who are unable to attend and want to change schedules with other employees, HRD can use this feature.
The company can determine the quota, period, and which employees are entitled to leave by using the leaves feature. Meanwhile, to view and approve leave applications, HRD can take advantage of the leaves request feature.
If there are employees who are allowed to arrive late and leave early, the company can use the permission request feature to arrange the approval of employees who apply for permission to arrive late and leave early.
Work piled up sometimes makes employees have to work overtime. This feature can make it easier for employees to apply for overtime and will be accepted by the HRD admin. So that all employee performance is well documented.
The company must have a good work schedule arrangement. The Time Management Module of the LinovHR Employee Attendance Software can make it easier to manage employee work schedules comprehensively and systematically.
The appearance and features of the Employee Attendance Software from LinovHR are easy to understand even for non-IT practitioners. Managing work schedules and calculating the number of working days in a month in the next month is difficult for HRD.