Kidney disease is a condition where the kidneys fail to function properly. This may occur due to problems with the blood vessels supplying blood to the kidneys (vascular), problems with the filtering units of the kidneys (nephritic) or both.
Kidneys control the amount of fluid in the body, regulate the amount of chemicals in the blood and remove toxins from the blood.
The symptoms vary depending upon the type of kidney disease present. Symptoms may include back pain, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, shortness of breath, weight loss, swelling, decreased appetite and confusion.
There are two types of tests performed to diagnose kidney disease;
- Renal Biopsy –
A renal biopsy is a procedure where a sample of cells taken from the kidney is examined under a microscope. This helps in determining whether any specific cause for kidney failure exists.
- Urine Test –
A urine test checks for protein levels and sugar levels in the urine. If these levels are high then damage to the kidneys is likely. However, if the levels are normal then the kidneys are fine.
In India, the kidney biopsy price range between Rs. 500-1000. In some cases, the patient’s insurance company may cover the costs of the test.
Factors that Affect the Cost of the test:
- Number of Tests Performed –
The number of times the test is repeated affects the price of the test. The higher the number of tests performed, the lower the price per test.
- Location –
The location of the lab performing the test determines the cost of the test. The further away from the center of the city, the cheaper the test.
- Time Taken –
The time taken to perform the test is also a factor in determining the cost of the test and is affected by several things such as the number of samples being sent, the laboratory processing time and the waiting time at the hospital.
- Type of Lab –
Different labs have different methods of testing and therefore charge differently for their services.
- Insurance Coverage –
Patients who have health insurance often get free kidney tests. Therefore, the cost of the test is determined by how much money the patient spends out of pocket.
1. Procedure Cost
The procedure cost is based on where the patient lives and how much insurance will cover. In some places, patients may have to pay out-of-pocket.
However, if they live in a state that requires their medical records to be kept confidential, then the hospital will not charge them any fees.
2. Facility Cost
Facilities vary widely depending on what type of facility you choose. If you go to a private facility, then you will need to pay for the actual room and equipment costs.
On the other hand, if you go to a public facility, then you will only need to pay for the service itself.
3. Travel Cost
Traveling to get the test done can be expensive, especially if you do not have coverage. Your doctor may recommend that you travel to a place where you have insurance, but it might be cheaper to just stay local. Make sure to ask about discounts before traveling.
4. Waiting Time
Waiting time is one of the biggest issues with getting a kidney biopsy. You will want to make sure that you schedule enough time for the appointment. If you wait until the last minute, then you will probably miss the appointment entirely.
5. Results Cost
Results vary depending on who performs the tests. A nephrologist (kidney specialist) will likely charge less than a general practitioner.
Depending on the results, you may need to pay for further testing, treatment, or follow-up appointments.
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1. What is Kidney Biopsy?
A kidney biopsy is a procedure where a small piece of a patient’s kidney is removed by using a needle. It helps doctors find out what kind of kidney disease a person has.
A doctor may do a kidney biopsy if they suspect that a person has chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD occurs when damage to the kidneys causes them not to work properly. There are many types of CKD.
2. How does a kidney biopsy take place?
The procedure takes about 30 minutes and involves two steps. First, a doctor numbs the skin over the back of your arm and inserts a needle into the vein.
Then, a tube is inserted into the needle to remove a tiny amount of blood and urine. After that, the doctor removes the needle and cleans the area with alcohol.
3. Is it painful?
Most people don’t feel any pain during the procedure. However, some people say that the needle feels cold or prickly.
4. How long does it last?
After a kidney biopsy, it’s normal to experience mild bruising and redness around the site of the needle puncture. These symptoms should go away after a few days.
You might notice some soreness and tenderness in the area where the needle was placed. But you shouldn’t worry about it.
5. Are there side effects?
There are no serious side effects associated with a kidney biopsy. However, some people report feeling dizzy, tired, nauseous, or weak after the procedure.
6. Can I eat or drink before the procedure?
Yes, you can have water, tea, coffee, or juice before the procedure.