6 Common Causes of Fertility Problems in Women to Know


Usually, no one of you thinks of infertility or fertility problems until your experience. You come to know you have fertility problems when you visit a fertility clinic after having no pregnancy through your effort. The doctor interacts with you, conducts a physical examination, recommends a few tests, and suggests the possible treatment options based on the test results. Your doctor will explain everything to you. Here know what makes you have fertility problems to educate yourself:

  1. Ovulation disorders 

You have ovulation problems when your ovaries have egg release issues or your eggs do not mature in the ovaries. Such a problem is premature ovarian failure. Ovulation disorders are common in infertile women or females with infertility. When you have ovulation disorders, you can experience symptoms like irregular or no periods, unusual light to heavy menstrual bleeding, and a lack of breast tenderness or bloating. 

To treat your ovulation issues, you need to manage your body weight, take fertility drugs, and opt for IVF (in vitro fertilisation) treatment to conceive. You have around 40% pregnancy chances through IVF if you are below 35 and your pregnancy chance comes down as you age 43 or above.    

  1. Poor egg quantity and quality 

At birth, you have around 1 million eggs. At your puberty age, you are left with only 300 000 to 500 000 eggs. And as you turn above 40, you have no or less eggs. Apart from the number of eggs, your egg quality goes down as you age. Usually, you have no visible signs of a decline in your egg quantity and quality. You can know it only when you see a fertility specialist. 

To have a pregnancy, you need to take fertility drugs, and opt for IVF with your own egg or a donor egg as per your doctor’s instruction. With a donor egg, you have around 55% of pregnancy chance. 

  1. PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)

PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome is a female reproductive health condition in which small follicles located in the ovaries do not grow well or become mature to release eggs. Medical experts state it has the influence of unpredictable ovulation patterns and hormone imbalances

If you have PCOS, you can experience excessive hair growth at unusual body parts, obesity, irregular periods, and acne. In its treatment, your doctor can suggest you modifications in your lifestyle (diet and workouts), injected fertility drugs, clomiphene citrate, ovarian drilling, and IVF. A 5-10% decrease in your body weight can make your ovulation regular. Through ovarian drilling, you have a 50% chance of pregnancy in a year. And the use of clomiphene citrate can increase your pregnancy chance up to 18%. 

  1. Endometriosis 

You have an endometriosis issue when the tissue grows outside instead of uterine lining. The place could be the pelvis or abdomen. Some of you would have no symptoms while some of you would have pain while making love, painful periods, pelvic pain, unusual spotting, or heavy bleeding.    

As per your problem status, your doctor can recommend surgery for the removal of endometrial tissue or opening of the fallopian tubes, IVF, and fertility drugs. If detected and treated in the early stage, you have a 30% pregnancy chance. 

  1. Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes 

Any blockage or damage to your fallopian tubes becomes a barrier and prohibits your male partner’s sperm from meeting your egg in the fallopian tubes or getting into the uterus. STIs like chlamydia and gonorrhoea, pelvic inflammation, and previous sterilisation surgery cause you to have a blockage or damage in your fallopian tubes.    

Women with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes usually have no visible symptoms. You can know it only through screening done with a laparoscopy. To treat the issue, your doctor recommends a surgery to correct the damage or open the tubes. In the case of huge damage or no repair, the doctor will remove the tubes. You can expect a 22% pregnancy chance after surgery. 

  1. Unexplained infertility 

Doctors term your fertility problems as unexplained infertility when they find no cause or reason for your problem and see all test results normal. Some experts believe differences in sperm function, follicle development, or fertilisation process might cause this. Further, they consider a bad lifestyle and uncontrolled body weight as contributing factors.  

Women with unexplained infertility have no visible signs. If it occurs to you, your doctor will recommend fertility drugs and IVF to you to conceive. 


Having an idea about common causes of female infertility with signs and treatment options is beneficial for you. With it, you can easily decide what you should do and support your doctor to treat your issues. You will be cooperative in your treatment. Infertile couples prefer us due to our higher treatment success rate, patient-friendly approach, adherence to medical ethics, affordable treatment charges, and quick response. Visit the nearest doctor and get more information.

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